Obergefell v. Hodges , U. The 5—4 ruling requires all fifty states , the District of Columbia , and the Insular Areas to perform and recognize the marriages of same-sex couples on the same terms and conditions as the marriages of opposite-sex couples, with all the accompanying rights and responsibilities. Between January and February , plaintiffs in Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee filed federal district court cases that culminated in Obergefell v. After all district courts ruled for the plaintiffs, the rulings were appealed to the Sixth Circuit. In November , following a series of appeals court rulings that year from the Fourth , Seventh , Ninth , and Tenth Circuits that state-level bans on same-sex marriage were unconstitutional, the Sixth Circuit ruled that it was bound by Baker v.
Same-Sex Marriage Pros and Cons
PolitiFact | President Barack Obama's shifting stance on gay marriage
Obama himself was frustrated about it, if a description in a new book by his former top adviser, David Axelrod , is to be believed. Obama may have been selling himself short on that score, given the number of times he or his advisers publicly opposed same-sex marriage over the years. In the book, Believer: My Forty Years in Politics, Axelrod blames himself, and his political calculations, for preventing Obama for standing up for what he believed in. On issues from immigration to racially charged police violence to the decriminalization of marijuana , activists have voiced frustration at a perceived double-dealing by the president on the issues they hold most dear, and fatigue with repeated White House requests for patience. As a candidate for the Illinois state senate in , Obama said he favored same-sex marriage in response to a questionnaire from a Chicago-area gay and lesbian newspaper. But out on the presidential campaign trail in August , Obama gave voice to the opposite view in an interview with evangelical pastor Rick Warren, head of Saddleback megachurch in southern California. Now, for me as a Christian — for me — for me as a Christian, it is also a sacred union.
Attitudes on Same-Sex Marriage
Recognition of our equal dignity, and of our right to the same legal protections straight couples enjoy, is a civil rights milestone. But it could also be the swan song for the movement for gay freedom that began after World War II. It is no accident that the one civil rights law that would likely apply to the greatest numbers of gays — a ban on discrimination in employment and housing on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity — continues to elude us. An anti-discrimination law creates substantial costs not only for the government, which must enforce it, but also for corporations, which must comply with it; letting gays into military service and into the institution of marriage does not.
Polls this year have found that more Americans favor allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally than did so just last year. For the first time in 15 years of Pew Research Center polling, fewer than half oppose same-sex marriage. The shift in opinion on same-sex marriage has been broad-based, occurring across many demographic, political and religious groups. Notably, pluralities of white mainline Protestants and white Catholics now favor allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally — the first time this has occurred in Pew Research Center surveys.